Near the Rupe Magna we can find many engraved rocks along the top
of the Giroldo hill.
This rock was called by Davide Pace "La
Rupe degli Armigeri" (the rock of the armigers). In
this figure we can recognize a warrior holding a spear and
a shield. Little figures have been engraved on the right.
The style is still schematic. Body, legs and arms
are represented by lines, like in the so-called
"orant" figures. But the weapons are clearly related
to the first Iron Age warriors.
The theme of the warrior is crucial in Iron Age
Rock Art, which represents in Valcamonica 80% of all figures, and
in Valtellina (Rupe Magna) 83% .
In this case the warrior is simply standing, showing
his weapons. In the Grosio petroglyphic complex we can find two
kinds of warriors: the "long-ones"
and the "short-ones".
These engravings are not only depicting a real situation:
they are most probably related with a prehistoric fight or game
or initiatory rites.
Iron Age Rock Art shows its evidence in
duel scenes. It is never a matter of war, but always of fight. The biggest
value is strength and its demonstration. We can well recognize Iron Age
swords and shields (square and round). Like in Valcamonica, warriors
fights in couples, sometimes accompanied by a third figure, perhaps a
referee of a warrior waiting to fight with the winner.
Spears and shields (on the left, Rupe Magna
sector AF) are proudly shown. Sometimes little figures have been interpreted
The body, in this case (on the right,
Rupe Magna sector AE) always with raised arms and showing muscles,
begins to be engraved in a more naturalistic fashion. All Iron Age
Rock Art shows a passage from schematic figure to naturalistic ones.
This characteristic is more evident in Valcamonica Rock Art, while
in Valtellina (Rupe Magna), it seems to stop in the first phases of
the Iron Age.
- Neolithic and first Copper
- Copper Age
- Bronze Age
- Iron Age
- Rupe Magna, the largest engraved
rock in the Alps
- Rupe Magna, chrono-thematic
Sentieri dell'arte rupestre
Le rocce incise delle Alpi, storia, ricerche, escursioni
44 escursioni alle più importanti aree incise delle Alpi. 184
pagine in bianco e nero e a colori.
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Walking on the rock art paths (in Italian). The most complete guide
to the Alpine rock art . 184 pages, 44 full described trails (I-FR-CH-AU).
158 tracings and pictures, 20 maps, 21 boxes on Alpine culture.
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