GOTO VALCAMONICA ROCK ART    |    449 / 806   

 
Name      
Italia    Valcamonica, Cemmo 1

Italy map
Keywords: Copper Age, sun, daggers, axes, animals, ploughing scene
Institution: Cooperativa Archeologica Le Orme dell'Uomo - Valcamonica (Footsteps of Man)   http://rupestre.net/orme   |   CONTACT
Record
proposed
by
Orme dell'Uomo - Footsteps of Man, Valcamonica - Italy
 
Location

Country:

Italia

Locality:

Cemmo, Pian delle Greppe

Region:

Lombardia

Area:

Valcamonica

 

rock art picture
Cemmo 1 boulder (photo by A. Fossati - Le Orme dell'Uomo)
rock art picture
Cemmo 1 boulder with plastic field sheets on (photo by A. Fossati - Le Orme dell'Uomo)


 
Environment & Surface

Altitude:

400 m
Open-air   Shelter   Cave Portable   Megalithic

Geography:
Boulder is found in the plain called Pian delle Greppe at Cemmo, fraction of Capo di Ponte (BS). East oriented. The land was used for grapes, now on for pastures.

Proximity:

Not far from the road that connects Cemmo to Capo di Ponte, in front of the local museum and the Centro Camuno di Studi Preistorici.

Geology:

Slide boulders, sandstone.

Surface:

vertical, smoothed, patinated.

Dimensions:
Length 2.60 m.  Width 3.10 m.

 

rock art picture
group of deer (photo by A. Fossati - Le Orme dell'Uomo)
rock art picture
two deer on cemmo 1 boulder (photo by A. Fossati - Le Orme dell'Uomo)
 
Art        

Description:

Engravings   Paintings   Painted engravings   High or low-relief   Sculpture
Capo di Ponte Municipality (BS-I), in the Pian delle Greppe site. The engravings are executed on a boulder, felt from the top of the mountain in prehistoric times, by hammering. Almost all the engravings are concentrated on the frontal surface in the middle upper part of the surface. There are figures also in the left side of the boulder.

Figures:
total number 118
Sun, axes, daggers of Remedello type, animals, ploughing scene

Chronology:

Palaeolithic   Epipalaeolithic - Mesolithic   Neolithic   Copper Age   Bronze Age   Iron Age   Roman   Middle Age   Modern   Unknown
Copper Age (style III A 1-2; 2900/2800-2200 BC). The style IIIA1 (as defined by DE MARINIS) is dated by comparison between the engraved figures and the real objects (Copper Age daggers) found at the burial site of Remedello (BS). It is so called "remedellian". The next style (IIIA2) pertains to a bell-beaker phase (2400-2200 BC).

Notes:

The boulder was first discovered by G. Laeng in 1902, that then presented the discoveries to the Commitee of the National Monuments in 1909, and then published it in 1914. During the end of the '20 P. Graziosi and G. Marro came to Cemmo to study the boulder. More info about Valcamonica and Alpine Rock Art at http://rupestre.net/alps.
 
Bibliography        





European total bibliography, by EuroPreArt partnersTotal (Europe)
Italia EuroPreArt general bibliography, by Cooperativa Archeologica <em>Le Orme dell'Uomo</em> - Valcamonica (Footsteps of Man)General (country)
Specific Valcamonica, Cemmo 1 bibliography, by Cooperativa Archeologica <em>Le Orme dell'Uomo</em> - Valcamonica (Footsteps of Man)Specific (site)
Rock Art Studies: A Bibliographic worldwide Database (external link). Compiled by Leigh Marymor. Copyright (C) 2001-2002 by the Library, University of California, Berkeley Bibliographic
Rock Art
Database

 

rock art picture
superimposition between figures (daggers and animals) -(photo by A. Fossati - Le Orme dell'Uomo)
rock art picture
Complete tracing (tracing by Le Orme dell'Uomo - Civico Museo Archeologico di Bergamo)
 
Conservation        

Status:

Public   Private   Park   Classified site

Risk:

There are problem of esfoliations with cracks. There are traces of vandalism of German soldiers during the last war: they shot the boulder with a bullet gun.

Conservation:

Good   Quite good   Mediocre   Bad

Intervention:

The boulder has been traced and restored few times. It is visited by many students during the year. It is inserted in the national Park of rock engravings.

 

By          

Compiler:

A. Fossati 2001

Institution:

Cooperativa Archeologica Le Orme dell'Uomo - Valcamonica (Footsteps of Man)   http://rupestre.net/orme   |   CONTACT
 
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Specific is mentioned in the captions or owned by each Author or Institution  
 
GOTO VALCAMONICA ROCK ART     |    449 / 806         
by Footsteps of Man
Orme dell'Uomo