GOTO WESTERN ALPS ROCK ART     |    489 / 806   

 
Name      
Italia    Valcenischia - Roccia dei guerrieri a corpo quadro

Italy map
Keywords: Iron Age, warrior, square body, archer, sword, spear, armour
Institution: Gruppo Ricerche Cultura Montana - Cooperativa Archeologica Le Orme dell'Uomo (Footsteps of Man)  http://www.rupestre.net/archiv/intro3.htm
Original
record
by
Orme dell'Uomo - Footsteps of Man, Valcamonica - Italy Gruppo Ricerche Cultura Montana - Italy
 
Location

Country:

Italia

Locality:

Novalesa - see original record (ask compiler - institution)

Region:

Piemonte

Area:

Valcenischia

 

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The "Rock of the square-body warriors" and the surrounding high mountain environment (photo A. Arcą - Footsteps of Man 1996)
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Grazing light with mirror (photo A. Arcą - Footsteps of Man 1996)


 
Environment & Surface

Altitude:

2320 m
Open-air   Shelter   Cave Portable   Megalithic

Geography:
High mountain pasture (cows and sheep) near the upper limit of the vegetation area, steep west exposed slope, series of flat slabs, highly dominant. The Valcenischia (Cenischia valley) joins the Susa valley (Italy, Turin) to the French Haute Maurienne valley through the Moncenisio pass, which is a very important alpine pass.

Proximity:

Path

Geology:

Filladic calcschist (metamorphic rock composed by calcite and mica). This kind of rock allows the pecking technique, but is more affected by the erosion than the Permian sandstone, thus the siliceous component, not soluble in water, is quite resistant.

Surface:

Smooth, microgranulated, flat, 25° of inclination, patina

Dimensions:
Length 1.15 m.  Width 0.90 m.  Depth 0.20 m.

 

click to enlarge
The "Rock of the square-body warriors" under night artificial grazing light (photo A. Arcą - Footsteps of Man 1996)
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The tracing of the "Rock of the square-body warriors" (tracing Footsteps of Man 1996)
 
Art        

Description:

Engravings   Paintings   Painted engravings   High or low-relief   Sculpture
Five pecked warrior male figures in the typical square body style of the late Iron Age. Two figures clearly show the sex. The crossed decoration on the breast strictly recall a late Iron Age figure on the rock n. xx of Dos Sotto Lajolo (Paspardo, Valcamonica) and could be related to a sort of armour like a cardiophylax. Dating in camunnian figures is testified by archaeological comparisons (shapes of metal weapons) and by the superimpositions among figures.

Figures:
total number 5
Square body sexuated anthropomorphic figure, square body warrior with crossed decoration or armour on the breast, square body archer, square body warrior with spear, square body figure

Chronology:

Palaeolithic   Epipalaeolithic - Mesolithic   Neolithic   Copper Age   Bronze Age   Iron Age   Roman   Middle Age   Modern   Unknown
Figures are quite identical to the camunnian ones of the last phase of the Iron Age (IV5 style), i.e. corresponding to the Roman conquest, I cent. BC - I cent. AD

Notes:

Discovered by G. M. Cametti, P. Meirano and A. Arcą on July 1993 during a survey of the Gruppo Ricerche Cultura Montana of Turin (GRCM).
 
Bibliography        





European total bibliography, by EuroPreArt partnersTotal (Europe)
Italia EuroPreArt general bibliography, by Gruppo Ricerche Cultura Montana General (country)
Specific Valcenischia - Roccia dello Spadonaro bibliography, by Gruppo Ricerche Cultura Montana - Cooperativa Archeologica Le Orme dell'Uomo (Footsteps of Man)Specific (site)
Rock Art Studies: A Bibliographic worldwide Database (external link). Compiled by Leigh Marymor. Copyright (C) 2001-2002 by the Library, University of California, Berkeley Bibliographic
Rock Art
Database

 

click to enlarge
 
Conservation        

Status:

Public   Private   Park   Classified site

Risk:

Figures are visible only on a grazing light. The site is very hard to reach, poorly attended. The surface is affected by the erosion. The area, with an high mountain climate, is under the snow for 7-8 months each year.

Conservation:

Good   Quite good   Mediocre   Bad

Intervention:

The rock has been completely recorded (International western Alps rock art record), traced (contact tracing and digital vectorial rendition), photographed (normal light and grazing light colour slides). A cast has been executed (professional technique with elastomeric mould and copy in synthetic resin). Recording data can be found at the Archaeological Superintendence of Piedmont (Turin, Italy). An exhibition with pictures, tracings and casts is exposed at the Novalesa ethnographic museum http://www.rupestre.net/archiv/tpop12.htm. More info (Italian version) at http://rupestre.net/archiv and http://rupestre.net/alps.

 

By          

Compiler:

A. Arcą

Institution:

Gruppo Ricerche Cultura Montana - Cooperativa Archeologica Le Orme dell'Uomo (Footsteps of Man)  http://www.rupestre.net/archiv/intro3.htm
 
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Specific © is mentioned in the captions or owned by each Author or Institution  
 
GOTO WESTERN ALPS ROCK ART     |    489 / 806         
by Footsteps of Man
Orme dell'Uomo