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Name      
Italia    Valcenischia - Roccia dello Spadonaro

Italy map
Original
record
by
Orme dell'Uomo - Footsteps of Man, Valcamonica - Italy Gruppo Ricerche Cultura Montana - Italy
 
Location

Country:

Italia

Locality:

Novalesa - see original record (ask compiler - institution)

Region:

Piemonte

Area:

Valcenischia

 

click to enlarge
Tracing the "Spadonaro Rock" (photo A. Arcą - Footsteps of Man 1996)
click to enlarge
The "Spadonaro Rock", warrior holding a sword (photo A. Arcą - Footsteps of Man 1996)


 
Environment & Surface

Altitude:

2340 m
Open-air   Shelter   Cave Portable   Megalithic

Geography:
High mountain pasture (cows and sheep) near the upper limit of the vegetation area, steep west exposed slope, series of flat slabs, highly dominant. The Valcenischia (Cenischia valley) joins the Susa valley (Italy, Turin) to the French Haute Maurienne valley through the Moncenisio pass, which is a very important alpine pass.

Proximity:

Path

Geology:

Filladic calcschist (metamorphic rock composed by calcite and mica). This kind of rock allows the pecking technique, but is more affected by the erosion than the Permian sandstone, thus the siliceous component, not soluble in water, is quite resistant.

Surface:

Square shape, smooth, microgranulated, flat, 5° of inclination, patina

Dimensions:
Length 2.95 m.  Width 1.50 m.

 

click to enlarge
The "Spadonaro Rock", warrior with round helmet (photo A. Arcą - Footsteps of Man 1996)
click to enlarge
The "Spadonaro Rock", tracing (tracing Footsteps of Man 1996)
 
Art        

Description:

Engravings   Paintings   Painted engravings   High or low-relief   Sculpture
The warrior with the sword has the body pecked in a stick style, in a more dynamic position than the square body figures of the rock CRL002. A second figure of warrior is not clearly readable, but shows a crossed decoration on the breast and a probable round helmet.

Figures:
total number 4
Warrior with sword stick style body, warrior with decorated armour, unreadable figure, sparse pecking

Chronology:

Palaeolithic   Epipalaeolithic - Mesolithic   Neolithic   Copper Age   Bronze Age   Iron Age   Roman   Middle Age   Modern   Unknown
In this case there is not such a strict relation with the late Iron Age figures of Valcamonica. An Iron Age dating is very probable, without excluding a more recent dating.

Notes:

There is a very interesting possible connection with the traditional weaponed dance of the "Spadonari" (the men with sword, http://www.rupestre.net/archiv/tpop1.htm) which is still today practised every year at the beginning of February in the underlying villages of Venaus and Giaglione. The rock has been discovered by G. M. Cametti, P. Meirano and A. Arcą on July 1993 during a survey of the Gruppo Ricerche Cultura Montana of Turin (GRCM).
 
Bibliography        





European total bibliography, by EuroPreArt partnersTotal (Europe)
Italia EuroPreArt general bibliography, by Gruppo Ricerche Cultura Montana General (country)
Specific Valcenischia - Roccia dello Spadonaro bibliography, by Gruppo Ricerche Cultura Montana - Cooperativa Archeologica Le Orme dell'Uomo (Footsteps of Man)Specific (site)
Rock Art Studies: A Bibliographic worldwide Database (external link). Compiled by Leigh Marymor. Copyright (C) 2001-2002 by the Library, University of California, Berkeley Bibliographic
Rock Art
Database

 

click to enlarge
 
Conservation        

Status:

Public   Private   Park   Classified site

Risk:

Figures are visible only on a grazing light. The site is very hard to reach, poorly attended. The surface is affected by the erosion. The area, with an high mountain climate, is under the snow for 7-8 months each year.

Conservation:

Good   Quite good   Mediocre   Bad

Intervention:

The rock has been completely recorded (International western Alps rock art record), traced (contact tracing and digital vectorial rendition), photographed (normal light and grazing light colour slides). A cast has been executed (professional technique with elastomeric mould and copy in synthetic resin). Recording data can be found at the Archaeological Superintendence of Piedmont (Turin, Italy). An exhibition with pictures, tracings and casts is exposed at the Novalesa ethnographic museum http://www.rupestre.net/archiv/tpop12.htm. More info (Italian version) at http://rupestre.net/archiv and http://rupestre.net/alps.

 

By          

Compiler:

Andrea Arcą

Institution:

Gruppo Ricerche Cultura Montana - Cooperativa Archeologica Le Orme dell'Uomo (Footsteps of Man)  http://www.rupestre.net/archiv/intro3.htm
 
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Specific © is mentioned in the captions or owned by each Author or Institution  
 
GOTO WESTERN ALPS ROCK ART     |    491 / 806         
by Footsteps of Man
Orme dell'Uomo