GOTO WESTERN ALPS ROCK ART     |    496 / 806   

 
Name      
Italia    Valsusa - Roccia degli Arcieri, sect. A

Italy map
Keywords: warrior, archer, rider, calcite,
Institution: Cooperativa Archeologica Le Orme dell'Uomo (Footsteps of Man)   |   CONTACT
Record
proposed
by
Orme dell'Uomo - Footsteps of Man, Valcamonica - Italy
 
Location

Country:

Italia

Locality:

Mompantero - see original record (ask compiler - institution)

Region:

Piemonte

Area:

Valsusa

 

click to enlarge
Mompantero, Roccia degli Arcieri paintings, general view (photo A. Arcą - Footsteps of Man 1992)
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Mompantero, Roccia degli Arcieri paintings, the main part of the sector 1, warriors and rider with bow and shield (photo A. Arcą - Footsteps of Man 1992)


 
Environment & Surface

Altitude:

1025 m
Open-air   Shelter   Cave Portable   Megalithic

Geography:
Rocky slope, southward exposed, panoramic site, abandoned sheep pasture, xerophilous vegetation (Juniperus, little pine-tree), stone walls, arid and windy area, lateral morainic pudding-stone deposits.

Proximity:

Path, dry waterfall (originating from an abandoned artificial channel).

Geology:

Filladic calcschist (metamorphic rock composed by calcite and mica), vertical wall, calcite and weddellite from the analysis of the painting material.

Surface:

Rough, steps, vertical half-sheltered wall south-east exposed, 90° of inclination, encrusted white lichens, patina, calcareous (calcite) encrustation.

Dimensions:
Length 0.90 m.  Width 6.00 m.

 

click to enlarge
Mompantero, Roccia degli Arcieri paintings, a bi-triangular body warrior and an archer (photo A. Arcą - Footsteps of Man 1992)
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Mompantero, Roccia degli Arcieri paintings, the tracing of the main part of sector A (tracing Footsteps of Man and Soprintendenza Archeologica del Piemonte, 1994)
 
Art        

Description:

Engravings   Paintings   Painted engravings   High or low-relief   Sculpture
The paintings cover a 6x0.9 m surface along the rocky wall. The sector A is the left part. The painting material is thick and encrusted, of a white-yellow colour. The extreme left part shows a worst preservation as it is less naturally sheltered. In the main scene it is possible to recognise three warriors: the one on top-right corner has a bi-triangular body, like the engraved warriors of the not far Aussois site (Haute Maurienne French valley), and face with a quite completely erased spear an archer. The rider on the bottom holds a bow with arrow and a rectangular shield. Also the archer on the left (quite completely cancelled) has a bi-triangular body.

Figures:
total number 14
2 archers, 1 riding archer, 1 warrior with bi-triangular body and spear, 1 crossed circle (rouelle), 9 unreadable eroded figures.

Chronology:

Palaeolithic   Epipalaeolithic - Mesolithic   Neolithic   Copper Age   Bronze Age   Iron Age   Roman   Middle Age   Modern   Unknown
It is possible to compare these painted figures to the warriors with bi-triangular body of Aussois (Haute Maurienne). These warriors overlap Middle Iron Age topographic compositions and are very similar to the figures painted over the decorated italic pottery (VII-VI cent. BC) or the south France pottery (La Pčgue, V-IV cent. BC). In this range (VII-IV cent. BC) it is possible to date also the Mompantero paintings.

Notes:

The paintings have been discovered by Angelo Fossati and Andrea Arcą in 1991. The sample for chemical analysis have been taken form figure A10 (horse) and B12 (right arm). Similar composition has been found in the natural calcite deposits. The entire area was terraced and cultivated (vines, potatoes) till the '50-'60s. No water available if not through artificial channels. It's one of the possible ways to reach the top of the Rocciamelone mountain (more than 3500 m), the highest mountain in the Susa valley, where traditional pilgrimage is still practised (the Holy Mary of the Rocciamelone, http://www.rupestre.net/archiv/nat3.htm).
 
Bibliography        





European total bibliography, by EuroPreArt partnersTotal (Europe)
Italia EuroPreArt general bibliography, by Cooperativa Archeologica Le Orme dell'Uomo (Footsteps of Man)General (country)
Specific Valsusa - Roccia degli Arcieri, sect. A bibliography, by Cooperativa Archeologica Le Orme dell'Uomo (Footsteps of Man)Specific (site)
Rock Art Studies: A Bibliographic worldwide Database (external link). Compiled by Leigh Marymor. Copyright (C) 2001-2002 by the Library, University of California, Berkeley Bibliographic
Rock Art
Database

 

click to enlarge
 
Conservation        

Status:

Public   Private   Park   Classified site

Risk:

The site is poorly attended, thus some people is passing with motorbikes along the mountain path. The surface is half-sheltered and protected from direct rain and snow.

Conservation:

Good   Quite good   Mediocre   Bad

Intervention:

The rock has been completely recorded (International western Alps rock art record), traced (contact tracing and digital vectorial rendition), photographed (normal light and grazing light colour slides) under enchargement of the Archaeological Superintendence of Piedmont. More info (Italian version) at http://rupestre.net/archiv and http://rupestre.net/alps.

 

By          

Compiler:

Andrea Arcą

Institution:

Cooperativa Archeologica Le Orme dell'Uomo (Footsteps of Man)   |   CONTACT
 
         496 / 806
Specific © is mentioned in the captions or owned by each Author or Institution  
 
GOTO WESTERN ALPS ROCK ART     |    496 / 806         
by Footsteps of Man
Orme dell'Uomo