GOTO WESTERN ALPS ROCK ART     |    494 / 806   

 
Name      
Italia    Valsusa - Rocca del Chiodo 2

Italy map
Keywords: meander, spiral, bronze age,
Institution: Cooperativa Archeologica Le Orme dell'Uomo (Footsteps of Man)   |   CONTACT
Record
proposed
by
Orme dell'Uomo - Footsteps of Man, Valcamonica - Italy
 
Location

Country:

Italia

Locality:

Mompantero - Rocca del Chiodo

Region:

Piemonte

Area:

Valsusa

 

click to enlarge
Mompantero, Rocca del Chiodo, general panoramic view over the Susa valley (photo A. Arcā - Footsteps of Man 1992)
click to enlarge
Mompantero, Rocca del Chiodo, natural grazing light view of the meandering spiral (photo A. Arcā - Footsteps of Man 1992)


 
Environment & Surface

Altitude:

950 m
Open-air   Shelter   Cave Portable   Megalithic

Geography:
Terrace on rocky slope, southward exposed, panoramic site, abandoned sheep pasture, abandoned vines, xerophilous vegetation (Juniperus, little pine-tree), stone walls, arid and windy area.

Proximity:

Path

Geology:

Filladic calcschist (metamorphic rock composed by calcite and mica). This kind of rock allows the pecking technique, but is more affected by the erosion (water and wind) than the Permian sandstone, thus the siliceous component, not soluble in water, is quite resistant.

Surface:

Smooth, microgranulated, flat, 10-15° of inclination, encrusted maroon lichens, patina

Dimensions:
Length 1.06 m.  Width 0.64 m.

 

click to enlarge
Mompantero, Rocca del Chiodo, tracing of the meandering spiral (tracing Footsteps of Man and Soprintendenza Archeologica del Piemonte, 1994))
click to enlarge
 
Art        

Description:

Engravings   Paintings   Painted engravings   High or low-relief   Sculpture
The little slab is a part of an engraved surfaces group. The figure is constituted by a spiral prosecuting in a meandering line. The pecking is much better preserved in the underground (few cm) part. The figure (and all the meandering figures of this area) is very similar to the meanders and spirals of the close Haute Maurienne French valley (Plan des Gličres, Arcelle Neuve sites), where the altitude of the engraved areas is much more higher (over 2000-2000 m).

Figures:
total number 1
Meandering spiral

Chronology:

Palaeolithic   Epipalaeolithic - Mesolithic   Neolithic   Copper Age   Bronze Age   Iron Age   Roman   Middle Age   Modern   Unknown
This is a problematic subject to be dated. It's possible to find a double chronological attribution: Neolithic-first Copper Age (by comparison with the meanders and the spirals of the Irish passage graves and of the megalithic art) or Bronze Age - First Iron Age (by comparison with the engravings of the Haute Maurienne French valley where such patterns seem to be related to the Iron Age topographical compositions). The study of the superimpositions in the Valsusa area testify that the meandro-spiralic pattern is overlapped by late Iron Age figures, like axes.

Notes:

The entire area was terraced and cultivated (vines, potatoes) till the '50-'60s. No water available if not through artificial channels. It's one of the possible ways to reach the top of the Rocciamelone mountain (more than 3500 m), the highest mountain in the Susa valley, where traditional pilgrimage is still practised (the Holy Mary of the Rocciamelone, http://www.rupestre.net/archiv/nat3.htm).
 
Bibliography        





European total bibliography, by EuroPreArt partnersTotal (Europe)
Italia EuroPreArt general bibliography, by Cooperativa Archeologica Le Orme dell'Uomo (Footsteps of Man)General (country)
Specific Valsusa  - Rocca del Chiodo 2 bibliography, by Cooperativa Archeologica Le Orme dell'Uomo (Footsteps of Man)Specific (site)
Rock Art Studies: A Bibliographic worldwide Database (external link). Compiled by Leigh Marymor. Copyright (C) 2001-2002 by the Library, University of California, Berkeley Bibliographic
Rock Art
Database

 

 
Conservation        

Status:

Public   Private   Park   Classified site

Risk:

Figures are visible only on a grazing light. The site is poorly attended, thus some people is passing with motorbikes along the mountain path. The surface is affected by the erosion. The area is rarely covered by snow.

Conservation:

Good   Quite good   Mediocre   Bad

Intervention:

The rock has been completely recorded (International western Alps rock art record), traced (contact tracing and digital vectorial rendition), photographed (normal light and grazing light colour slides) under enchargement of the Archaeological Superintendence of Piedmont. More info (Italian version) at http://rupestre.net/archiv and http://rupestre.net/alps.

 

By          

Compiler:

Andrea Arcā

Institution:

Cooperativa Archeologica Le Orme dell'Uomo (Footsteps of Man)   |   CONTACT
 
         494 / 806
Specific Š is mentioned in the captions or owned by each Author or Institution  
 
GOTO WESTERN ALPS ROCK ART     |    494 / 806         
by Footsteps of Man
Orme dell'Uomo